I. DIGNITY OF THE PERSON
In a just social order, dignity, rights and power start with the human person — each one of us — not with “social tools” like the State, institutions and collectives, or with any elite. To participate fully, each person must have full access to the “Common Good” in its entirety. (The “Common Good” is defined here as the interconnected network of institutions — including the family, the State, organized religion, laws, the monetary and tax systems, etc. — that support the empowerment and full development of each child, woman and man within a society.)
Social Justice is the virtue that governs the relationship of the human person to his or her institutions. It requires that every institution support the dignity, empowerment and full development of every person at every level — from the smallest group to national and global society. In turn, Social Justice imposes a strict responsibility on every person to organize with others to correct defective or unjust institutions when they diminish the dignity, empowerment and full development of anyone.
II. TWO (BINARY) FACTORS OF PRODUCTION
There are two interdependent factors that contribute to production of marketable goods and services: “Labor” (all human inputs) and “Capital” (all non-human inputs). By contributing one’s labor and/or one’s capital, each person is entitled to his or her proportionate share of the resulting incomes. The most democratic way of measuring the relative value of each person’s labor and capital contributions is within free, open and anti-monopolistic markets. Such markets can only exist when there is broad-based capital ownership and equal access of every person to the means of acquiring productive capital assets, without taking away property rights from current owners.
III. THREE “SYSTEM” PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMIC JUSTICE
IV. FOUR ECONOMIC POLICY PILLARS