Norman G. Kurland, President
Mr. Kurland is a lawyer-economist, pioneer of employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) and a leading global advocate for “the Just Third Way,” a post-scarcity development model that transcends both capitalism and socialism by combining free markets with the democratization of economic power and capital ownership. He serves as President of the all-volunteer Center for Economic and Social Justice (CESJ), a non-profit think tank headquartered in Arlington, Virginia that he co-founded with Fr. William Ferree and other economic and social justice advocates in 1984. Mr. Kurland also founded and heads Equity Expansion International, Inc., an “investment banking firm for the have-nots,” which implements “Just Third Way” strategies around the world to turn non-owners into owners. He is a co-founder of Global Justice Movement.org (based in Canada) and the American Revolutionary Party(.US) launched in April 2005. He has taught binary economics and binary policy reforms in privatization seminars at the International Law Institute in Washington, D.C. In 1985, President Reagan appointed Mr. Kurland as deputy chairman of the bipartisan Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice, to promote economic democratization through ESOP reforms in Central America and the Caribbean.
He was a close colleague for eleven years of Louis O. Kelso, author of binary economics and inventor of the ESOP. With Kelso, Kurland co-founded the Institute for the Study of Economic Systems. He later became Washington Counsel for Kelso’s investment banking firm. Collaborating with Kelso, Kurland authored and lobbied the first and subsequent ESOP legislative initiatives in the U.S. Congress. He is the principal architect of several model ESOPs and legal systems for expanding ownership, as well as: the first ESOP and worker shareholders association in the developing world at the Alexandria Tire Company in Egypt; the “Capital Homestead Act” (a comprehensive package of national monetary and tax reforms); the “Community Investment Corporation” (a vehicle enabling community residents to share land ownership and profits); and “Justice-Based Management” (a system for applying principles of economic justice and building participatory ownership cultures within business corporations).
Business Week described Kurland as “the resident philosopher of ESOP in the capital.” He was the recipient of CESJ’s first Kelso-Ferree Lifetime Achievement Award, an honor he shares with Senator Russell Long, the legendary champion of ESOP on Capitol Hill. Mr. Kurland has authored numerous articles on the Just Third Way, binary economics, capital homesteading and related concepts for universalizing access to capital ownership. He was a contributing author to the 1994 compendium Curing World Poverty: The New Role of Property (John H. Miller, ed., Social Justice Review), and was the principal author of CESJ’s comprehensive economic reform agenda, Capital Homesteading for Every Citizen: A Just Free Market Solution for Saving Social Security (Economic Justice Media, 2004).
Before joining Kelso, Mr. Kurland was director of planning of the Citizens Crusade Against Poverty, a national coalition headed by the labor statesman Walter Reuther. Before that Mr. Kurland, as a Federal government lawyer, became deeply involved as a civil rights investigator in the Mississippi “one-person, one-vote” movement and later with the core group shaping economic empowerment initiatives in President Johnson’s “War on Poverty.” He came to Washington in December 1959 after receiving a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Chicago, where he studied law and economics, following five years as an officer on flying status in the U.S. Air Force. TOP
Michael D. Greaney, Secretary
Mr. Greaney, a Certified Public Accountant, is CESJ's Secretary, volunteer Director of Research and a member of the executive committee. He has audited profit and non-profit organizations throughout the world, with the American Red Cross, Georgetown University Medical Center, and the U.S. Federal Election Commission. In his consulting work in ESOP administration, Mr. Greaney authored the ESOP Administration and Accounting Manual for the Alexandria Tire Company of Egypt, the first employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) in a developing country.
Mr. Greaney, who has authored numerous articles on expanded ownership, money and credit, and social development, was a co-author of CESJ’s 2005 book, Capital Homesteading for Every Citizen: A Just Free Market Solution for Saving Social Security (Economic Justice Media), and a contributing author and the associate editor of the book, Curing World Poverty: The New Role of Property, published in 1994 by Social Justice Review. In 2002 he was awarded first place by the American Numismatic Association for his series on “A Millennium of Irish Coinage, AD 1001-2002,” published by World Coin News.
Mr. Greaney received his B.B.A. in Accounting from the University of Notre Dame in 1977 and his M.B.A. from the University of Evansville. He received CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award in 1994. Mr. Greaney is also a board member and Director of ESOP Administration Services of Equity Expansion International, which provides ESOP investment banking and consulting services world-wide. He is the President and co-founder of Once-and-Future Books, an internet venture, republishing long-lost works of literature that strive to present universal moral principles.TOP
Dawn K. Brohawn, Treasurer
Ms. Brohawn serves as CESJ’s Treasurer and volunteer Director of Communications, and is a co-founder and executive committee member of CESJ. She is the editor of CESJ’s publications and manages CESJ's volunteer, internship and membership programs, as well as internal operations. She has conceived and organized numerous CESJ seminars (CESJ's "Information and Education", and "Great Ideas" series) and conferences including CESJ's international roundtables and the CESJ seminar presented at the Vatican in 1991. Ms. Brohawn was a co-author and chief editor of CESJ’s major policy book, Capital Homesteading for Every Citizen: A Just Free Market Solution for Saving Social Security (2005). She was the editor of Every Worker an Owner, which served as the orientation book for the 1986 Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice. She was a contributing author to and editorial advisor for CESJ's Curing World Poverty: The New Role of Property. She was the editor of the Journey to an Ownership Culture (published in 1996 by Scarecrow Press in collaboration with the ESOP Association), a comprehensive guidebook for building an ownership culture by leading experts and model companies in employee stock ownership and workplace participation.
She also serves as Secretary-Treasurer and board member of Equity Expansion International, Inc. of which she was a co-founder. As EEI's Director of Justice-Based Management Services, she designs and facilitates ownership participation, education and communications programs for ESOP clients. From 1989 to 2006 she served on the ESOP Association's Advisory Committee on Ownership Culture (formerly Competitiveness, Communications and Participation). She is a recipient of CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award. Ms. Brohawn graduated in 1979 from Georgetown University, where she was selected for the English Honors Program and Liberal Arts Seminar. TOP
Robert Brantley, Ph.D., M.B.A.
Rowland L. Brohawn, Director
Mr. Brohawn, a volunteer, co-founder and board member of CESJ, is a graphic designer with over 25 years of experience in visual communications in a wide variety of media including print, computer and television. He has received top national awards from the print industry for his creative package design. He has served corporate and non-profit clients, designing and maintaining web sites (including CESJ’s, Equity Expansion International’s and Equitech International’s sites) and organizational identity programs. His book designs and presentation visuals have appeared world-wide.
Mr. Brohawn is also a board member of Equitech International and TV America, where his design talents have been employed in ground-breaking expanded capital ownership projects and the introduction of advanced technologies, including the 1986 Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice, and the New Birth Project for citizens of the District of Columbia. He and his wife Dawn are volunteer crew members and certified television producers for Channel 69, a community access cable channel in Arlington, Virginia. He is a recipient of CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award. Mr. Brohawn received his B.F.A. degree in Graphic Design from the Maryland Institute in 1980. TOP
Joseph W. Recinos, Director, Latin America
Mr. Recinos, a development economist, is a volunteer, co-founder and CESJ's Director for Latin America. He is also a board member and Managing Director of EEI/Central America & Mexico. In 1986 he was appointed a Counselor to the Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice. Mr. Recinos was the principal consultant for the ESOP at Finca La Perla, which has received recognition as a new model for land reform. He was project manager of the professional team which designed an "ESOP parallel legal system" funded by the Ministry of Planning in Costa Rica, and for the USAID-funded project to implement ESOPs in Guatemala. In 1991 he designed a 100% ESOP buyout plan to privatize the seed processing plants owned by the Ministry of Natural Resources of Honduras. He has advised the World Bank on privatization of the Mexican Steel Industry. Mr. Recinos was contracted by the Inter-American Development Bank to work with the Ministry of Finance and the Technological Institute of Mexico (ITAM) to design ESOP legislation. He serves as a principal advisor of the Central American Solidarista Labor Federation and is currently advising port authority and telecommunications labor unions on ESOP privatization strategies.
Mr. Recinos received his Master’s degree in Economics and Latin American Affairs in 1969 from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, and his B.A. in Political Science and Economics in 1967 from the City University of New York. Mr. Recinos received CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award in 1989. TOP
National Field Secretaries
Board of Counselors
Norman A. Bailey, Ph.D.
Dr. Bailey, President of Norman A. Bailey, Inc., is a consulting economist who has worked on international economic and strategic issues for over 30 years, specializing in international debt and monetary affairs. He received his Master of International Affairs and Ph.D. from Columbia University. His clients include governments, corporations, banks, investment firms, trading companies, and consulting, law and accounting firms in four continents. While serving as president of an international investment banking firm he was appointed Professor of Political Science at the City University of New York (Queens).
In 1981 he joined the Reagan Administration as the Director of Planning and Evaluation for the National Security Council. He was later appointed Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of International Economic Affairs at the White House. Dr. Bailey was a principal author of President Reagan’s Caribbean Basin Initiative and a major force within the White House for encouraging ESOPs in domestic and foreign economic policy, helping introduce such policy initiatives as the Capital Homestead Act and Project Economic Justice. Dr. Bailey speaks five languages and has authored five books and over 130 articles on international politics, economics and business. He served on the board of directors of the Center for Economic and Social Justice and is a senior consultant to Equity Expansion International, Inc. He is a recipient of CESJ’s Soldier of Justice Award. TOP
Antonio L. Betancourt is the President of the World Institute for Development and Peace (WIDP); the Executive Director of the Summit Council for World Peace (SCWP) and the Association for the Unity of Latin America (AULA); and the Deputy Secretary General of the Federation for World Peace (FWP). As an officer, he is responsible for leading these organizations in international affairs in the fulfillment of their charters; brokering dialogue with countries around the world through forums and conferences with current and former heads of state and government, prime ministers, and renowned dignitaries from the Far East, the Middle East and Islamic world, China, Russia, Europe, Latin America and North America. He is a recipient of CESJ’s Soldier of Justice Award. TOP
Mr. Binns, a CESJ member and Counselor, is the Associate Director of the Beyster Institute (formerly the Foundation for Enterprise Development), an organization promoting employee ownership and participation in the U.S. and internationally. He served as Executive Director of The ESOP Association (1984-1991), the leading organization representing U.S. ESOP companies and professional ESOP advisors. During his tenure, company memberships increased from 450 to 1,900, and the association's budget increased to $1.5 million from $350,000, and annual meeting attendance, including foreign participants, increased to 1,800 from 500. He is a frequent lecturer on ESOP in the U.S. and in other countries and has been a world leader in promoting the ESOP internationally through an emerging global network which includes affiliated groups in the United Kingdom, France, Egypt, Poland, the U.S.S.R., Australia, Central America, Latin America and the Caribbean. Mr. Binns is a recipient of CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award. TOP
Dr. Charles M. Cargille, M.D., Director
Dr. Cargille works full time providing clinical care for the mentally challenged for the State of Louisiana and is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Family Practice at LSU Health Science Center Medical School in New Orleans. He has served as a Senior Investigator in Reproductive Endocrinology at the National Institutes of Health and Assistant Dean and director of the Area Health Education Center for the University of North Dakota. In 1973 he was a founder of the World Population Society, a research group oriented to population control goals, and, after deeper reflection on the moral basis of population control programs, in 1994 he made a complete reversal and founded the International Population and Family Association, a group favoring pro-life objectives. His research interests include establishing an institutional structure for pro-life scholarship and creating audio and video research and policy libraries on population, family and ethics. He is also a strong supporter of the Focolare Movement, an international religious movement founded by Chiara Lubich, which promotes an “economy of sharing,” a philosophy he is trying to integrate with the binary economics of Louis Kelso. Born in Kearney, New Jersey, Dr. Cargille studied at Bucknell University, the University of Aberdeen in Scotland, American University and Johns Hopkins Medical School where he received his medical degree in 1961. TOP
Rev. William Christensen, S.M.
Rev. Christensen is a Catholic priest and economic development expert who is a living example of global social justice in action. In 1987, together with a Muslim economist, he founded the Institute of Integrated Rural Development (IIRD) in Bangladesh, which was nominated in 2000 for the prestigious King Baudouin Prize and was selected by the World Bank’s Global Development Network as “one of the ten most innovative projects in the world with the most potential for helping humanity.” The IIRD works with local staffs in six project areas, assisting about 800 rural villages (with a total population of 1.2 million people) and 60,000 families identified for IIRD’s comprehensive “poverty eradication program.” Each year IIRD “graduates” about 4,000 families out of poverty, and has reduced the poverty level in its first target area from 37% in 1987 to 18.7% in 2002. Since 1987 IIRD has enrolled 42,000 children in primary school, installed 2,000 drinking water wells, improved the shelters of 9,400 severely poor families, employed 1,500 in its fisheries, forestry and silk projects, and meets weekly with more than 20,000 women from poor families in various community-based education, health and development projects.
He also organized the Bangladesh chapter of CESJ in Dhaka, which has been meeting periodically since 1999, bringing together lawyers, economists, development experts, business and labor leaders and academics to promote understanding, teaching and applications of binary economics and the CESJ principles of economic and social justice. With CESJ and a team of professionals from Bangladesh and the U.S., Fr. Christensen is working to establish the “JBM Garment Factory,” a Justice-Based Management alternative to sweatshops that will employ several hundred women garment workers who will also be co-owners of the enterprise. In addition to serving as a Counselor and member of CESJ, he is a founding member of the Global Justice Movement (.ORG) based in Canada.
Born in Chicago in 1942, Fr. Christensen became inspired in 1957 as a high school student in Kirkwood, Missouri by a talk on social justice given by CESJ co-founder, the late Fr. William Ferree, to become the first Marianist missionary on the South Asian sub-continent. From 1965-1978 he was an activist on racial issues and migrant farm worker problems in St. Louis, serving as an organizer in the Cesar Chavez-led grape and lettuce boycotts. After being ordained as a priest in 1973, in 1978 the Society of Mary granted his continuing request to work in India, where he spent the next 6 years in socioeconomic development projects. Working against the grain of local politics, he was asked to leave. He then spent a year in Nepal helping the government design an integrated development program, after which he began his work with the poorest of the rural poor in Bangladesh.
He received a B.A. degree in English in 1964 from St. Mary’s University in San Antonio, Texas and a M.A. degree in sociology from St. Louis University, where he also pursued a master of divinity degree. He entered the Marianist Seminary in 1969. He is a recipient of CESJ’s Soldier of Justice award. TOP
Robert D. Crane, J.D.
Dr. Crane is Chairman of the newly formed Center for Understanding Islam, and Vice-Chairman of Crescent University. He is Associate Editor for Law and Policy of the new online magazine, The American Muslim. Since 1996 he has been President of the Center for Policy Research, which develops “grand strategy” to infuse Islamic thought in a systematic and professional way into the formation of current policy in Washington, D.C.
He received his B.A. from Northwestern University, summa cum laude, with a 4.0 grade point average, in normative (justice-based) economics, studied the sociology of religion at the University of Munich, and earned his Doctor of Laws (J.D.) in 1959 from Harvard Law School with specialization in comparative legal systems and international investment. At Harvard, Dr. Crane founded the Harvard International Law Journal and became the first president of the Harvard International Law Society. In 1962 he co-founded the Center for Strategic and International Studies. From 1963 to 1968, he served as Foreign Policy Advisor to Richard Nixon who appointed him as Deputy Director of the National Security Council in 1969. In 1981, President Reagan appointed him to be U.S. Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates.
Dr. Crane’s first professional article on Kelsonian techniques to expand or broaden capital ownership as the key to U.S. foreign policy was published in the Summer 1969 issue of Orbis: A Quarterly Journal of World Affairs, entitled “New Directions for American Foreign Policy: Some Thoughts for Macro-Modeling.”
Dr. Crane was the principal da’ii (religion instructor) from 1983 to 1986 at the Islamic Center on Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C., and from 1986 to 1988 was Director of Publications in the International Institute of Islamic Thought. From 1992 to 1994 he was Director of the Legal Division in the American Muslim Council, and was elected president of the Muslim American Bar Association. Dr. Crane has published 10 books and several dozen professional articles on comparative legal systems, global strategy, and information management. TOP
Peter Desloge is Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Watlow Electric Manufacturing Company, which has 2,500 employees and is headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri. He brings more than 18 years of industry and engineering experience to the position, and is the third generation of the Desloge family to lead the family-owned company.
Watlow designs and manufactures all of the components of industrial thermal systems, including complete systems and thermal systems software. The company sells its products throughout the world to original equipment manufacturers and end users in a diverse spectrum of markets. Watlow has introduced a pay-for-performance system called "Total Compensation," which includes a variable compensation component that rewards individual and company performance, and incorporates a goal-setting, coaching and feedback process. Watlow fosters a culture where every employee is responsible for innovation, employing structures such as the "Innovation Council."
Mr. Desloge initially joined Watlow in 1983 as a new product development engineer. In 1984, he left Watlow and spent seven years in the industry, working with French Gerleman as a sales engineer and serving as Chief Electrical Engineer for Pandjiris, Inc. In 1990, he founded his own company, Desloge Engineering, which specialized in manufacturing and engineering services and developing customized machinery. Mr. Desloge sold Desloge Engineering to Watlow in 1997, but continued to serve as its General Manager. That same year, he accepted a position on Watlow’s Board of Directors.
Mr. Desloge is active in St. Louis’ Regional Business Council and is a committed supporter of the March of Dimes and the St. Louis Zoo. He is involved with the Rural Parish Workers, an organization that addresses the needs of rural Christian women in southern Missouri. Mr. Desloge is also involved with the Institute of Integrated Rural Development (IIRD), a non-profit organization focused on improving the role of women and the plight of the poor in Bangladesh. As a strong child welfare advocate, he supports the St. Louis-based Family Resource Center, and has hosted several foster children. Mr. Desloge has a bachelor’s of science degree in mechanical engineering from Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas. TOP
Richard E. Duffy
Richard E. Duffy is a retired former executive for Polaroid Corporation with over 35 years experience in research, sales and marketing, quality control, manufacturing, human resources, training and development. He was a founding member and co-chair of the Polaroid grassroots steering committee that organized 8,000 employees in opposition to a hostile takeover of Polaroid. This initiative led to the successful implementation of an ESOP at Polaroid that acquired 20% of the company’s shares.
Mr. Duffy was a founding member and serves as Vice President of the New England
Chapter of The ESOP Association, for which he received the Outstanding Chapter Officer of the Year Award in 1992. He also served as Chair of the Executive Committee of the State and Regional Chapter Council of the ESOP Association. His activities within The ESOP Association include membership on the Strategic Planning Committee, the Strategic Plan Monitoring Committee, the Annual Meeting Committee, the Employee Ownership Foundation Committee and the Advisory Committee on Ownership Culture.
He received his B.S. degree from Tufts University and has been awarded Certificates in Education and Training, Total Quality Ownership (TQO), Participative Management, Creative Problem Solving Processes, Conflict Resolution Facilitation and Team Building. TOP
The Hon. Rev. Walter E. Fauntroy
The Hon. Rev. Walter E. Fauntroy is a retired member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1971-1991). He began his public career in 1959 as pastor of New Bethel Baptist Church, where he continues to serve. During the 1960s, he was appointed by the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. as director of the Washington Bureau of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He was District of Columbia coordinator for the historic March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963, and the Selma-to-Montgomery March of 1965. Rev. Fauntroy and others launched the “Free South Africa Movement” with his own arrest at the South African Embassy in 1984. He served as co-chairman of the steering committee of the movement and coordinator of its legislative thrust.
Rev. Fauntroy was chairman of the Congressional Task Force on Haiti, fourth ranking member of the House Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee and chairman of its Subcommittee on International Development Institutions and Finance (which oversees the Federal Reserve System). He was also a member of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control, and chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus for the 97th District.
Rev. Fauntroy now serves as President of the National Black Leadership Roundtable, affiliated with the Congressional Black Caucus. He formerly served as chairman of the board of the Southern Leadership Conference, a member of the board of directors of the Martin Luther King Center for Social Change, and a trustee of Virginia Union University, of which he is a cum laude graduate. He also has a bachelor’s degree from Yale University Divinity School. TOP
Richard Foley is a retired conductor for the Southern Pacific Railroad and was a career-long member of the United Transportation Union (UTU). He led the team that worked for employee ownership of the Southern Pacific. Mr. Foley was a founder and Chairman of the American Employees Stock Ownership Association (AESOA). He is also a founder of the OU® -- Ownership Union, an ownership-oriented alternative to traditional zero-sum game unionism for achieving economic justice for workers. He has also developed a web site (www.virtualunions.info) to provide an advanced communications tool for enabling workers to organize, have free-wheeling discussions, and reach consensus on group actions, where the anonymity of all participants can be safeguarded.
He also served as the Chapter Chair for the United Shareholder's Association (USA) for Tucson and Southern Arizona. His shareholder proposal victory in 1988 was the first in the history of corporate America. That record-breaking victory charted a major course change in corporate governance that has spread around the world. AESOA provided many public training and assistance programs in the education and exercise of stock ownership rights. His expert testimony before Congress, the work of USA, AESOA and others brought many positive changes in federal securities law and legislation.
Mr. Foley participated in a special ambassador program for People to People and traveled to England, Germany, and Poland meeting with leaders in government, unions, and academics. He is the first foreign member of the Polish Employee Ownership Union Virtual Think Tank hosted by Kent State University. He is a member of the Center for Social and Economic Justice. Mr. Foley has also developed and implemented a US marketing strategy for the Institute of Integrated Rural Development (IIRD), which is creating worker-owned enterprises among the poorest citizens of Bangladesh. He is also currently a director of the Patient Advocacy Foundation in Tucson, Arizona, where he lives with his family. He served in the United States Navy from 1967 until 1972. TOP
Geoffrey B. Gneuhs
Mr. Gneuhs, a founding member of CESJ, is a portrait and landscape artist, who lives in New York City. He has been associated with the Catholic Worker Movement since 1974. The subject of his thesis at Yale was "Peter Maurin: The Life and Thought of the Founder of the Catholic Worker Movement." From 1979 to 1986, Mr. Gneuhs was associate editor of the Catholic Worker newspaper. He has taught philosophy and ethics at Seton Hall and Fordham universities. He is a co-author of A Revolution of the Heart: Essays on the Catholic Worker (Temple University Press) and editor of The Legacy of Pope John Paul II (Crossroad). His articles have appeared in Freedom at Issue, First Things, America, Commonweal, The Tablet (London), Culturefront, The Chesterton Review, and The National Catholic Register, among others. TOP
Senator Mike Gravel
After serving four years in the Alaskan State legislature, the latter two as speaker of the house, Mike Gravel represented Alaska in the U.S. Senate from 1969-1981. Senator Gravel served on the Finance, Interior, and Environment and Public Works committees, and the Environmental Pollution subcommittees, and was a prime mover and took many bold stands in many of the critical issues of the day, including the Alaska Pipeline (to reduce US dependency on foreign oil), Nuclear Power (he opposed fission reactors on environmental grounds), the Native Claims Settlement Act (he fought government paternalism over native economic affairs), the Peacetime Draft (he opposed it), he used his office to arrange for the release of the Pentagon Papers (detailing how the US ensnared itself into the Vietnam War), the UN’s Law of the Seas Convention (failed to get US support for signing it), Satellite Communications (his efforts linked remote Alaskan villages to medical diagnoses at the National Institute of Health), and Red China (six months prior to Kissinger’s secret trip to China, he introduced unpopular legislation to normalize relations with that country.)
Working closely with ESOP champion Senator Russell Long, Senator Gravel became an early supporter of Louis Kelso’s vision for broadening the ownership of capital in our society. He authored and secured the passage into law of the General Stock Ownership Corporation (GSOC), Subchapter U of the Internal Revenue Code. With the hope of first using this law in Alaska, he brought about an initiative decision in the state’s general election of 1980 on the creation of an Alaska General Stock Ownership Corporation (AGSOC). As part of this effort, he negotiated a tentative agreement with the British Petroleum Company to sell their interest in the Alaska pipeline to the AGSOC. With powerful political interest favoring an income redistribution scheme over citizen ownership participation through AGSOC, voters turned down the AGSOC. BP now considers its pipeline interest to be of the most profitable of its Alaskan holdings. Had AGSOC been approved and the purchase consummated, it would be paying out dividends of several hundred dollars annually to every citizen/shareholder in Alaska.
During his years in office, Senator Gravel increasingly came to understand that fundamental solutions can only be brought about by the people. It is the confluence of this realization, his experience as an elected representative, and his idealism that has equipped Senator Gravel to craft a process that will empower the people. In the early 1990's, Senator Gravel founded Philadelphia II and Direct Democracy, the nonprofit entities charged with bringing this process to fruition. Senator Mike Gravel was an active participant in CESJ’s April 7-9, 2000 syntegration on the “Just Third Way.”
He authored Jobs and More Jobs and Citizen Power, and used his position as a senator to officially release the Pentagon Papers and facilitated their publication as The Senator Gravel Edition, The Pentagon Papers; Beacon Press.
Senator Gravel’s business activities have encompassed real estate, finance, and energy. He enlisted in the U.S. Army (1951-54) and served as an adjutant in the Communications Intelligence Services and as a Special Agent in the Counter Intelligence Corps. He received a B.S. in Economics at Columbia University, New York, and holds four honorary degrees in law and public affairs. He lectures and writes about governance, capitalism, energy, environmental issues, and direct democracy. TOP
Rev. Matthew Habiger, O.S.B., Ph.D.
CESJ Counselor Fr. Habiger was President of Human Life International, a pro-life organization with over 30,000 members world-wide. A Benedictine monk at St. Benedict's Abbey in Atchison, Kansas, he was ordained to the priesthood on June 14, 1968. He earned a doctorate in moral theology at the Catholic University of America. The topic of his dissertation was Papal Teaching on Private Property 1891-1981. Fr. Habiger has been an associate pastor, pastor (1968-72), Newman chaplain at the University of Kansas (1972-76), professor and chaplain at Benedictine College (1977-80, 1986-90), and teaches moral theology at Benedictine College. A contributor to CESJ's book, Curing World Poverty, he is working with CESJ to develop a global economic agenda that supports life by promoting economic empowerment of the family. Fr. Habiger received CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award in 1995. TOP
Norbert Hermes, M.S., Ed. Spec.
Norbert Hermes is a retired educator. During twenty years he served as an elementary teacher, counselor, school psychologist, plus another twenty years as supervisor of school psychologists and school social workers in a four county Central Kansas Special Education Cooperative.
Norbert has served on various education committees in areas of curriculum and evaluation. Currently he is chairman of a North Central Accreditation Team, which evaluates and recommends accreditation by the state of Kansas, for all programs of study, in three Salina parochial schools. He was a two term member of the School Council for Sacred Heart Jr.-Sr. High School
As a forty-five year member of the Knights of Columbus, Norbert has served on various committees, and leadership positions, including Grand Knight. He and his wife Marlene are Pro-Life Chaircouple and are actively involved with local, state, and national pro-life groups. In 2002 they were chosen Kansas Knights of Columbus Family of the Year, for outstanding work in Knights of Columbus, and in Church and Community Activities.
Norbert helps lead Bible Studies, and co-coordinates Adult Education. He is a Lector; and has been a member and on committees of the Parish Council at Sacred Heart Cathedral and was its first President. He has served on the Diocesan Board of Catholic Charities, and is presently Secretary of Smoky Hill Housing Corp., a 32 unit housing facility under the auspices of the Salina Diocese through HUD, for low income seniors and people with disabilities. Norbert writes a weekly column called FAMILY TREASURES for the Northwestern Kansas Register, focusing on topics of morality, culture of life, healthcare, social and economic justice, etc.
He is Kansas Representative on the Advisory Board of Christus Medicus Foundation, a group with an education and research mission. CMF advances an ecumenical approach in bringing together nationally prominent pro-life and pro-family groups to actively involve church and pro-life leaders, legislators and citizens in restoring morality to health care, and First Amendment rights of conscience to parents, pharmaceutical and medical personnel, employers, employees, and others.
Norbert and Marlene have been active members in CESJ since 1997. TOP
Maurice M. Iwu, Ph.D.
As Chairman of the Council for Democracy in Nigeria, Professor Maurice M. Iwu has championed CESJ’s “Just Third Way” as a strategic framework for promoting economic justice and democracy in Nigeria, as well as throughout the African continent.
In his professional work, Professor Iwu is the founder and Executive Director of Bioresources Development and Conservation Programme, an international, non-profit organization that seeks to develop strategies for sustainable utilization of biological resources. He is also a Senior Research Associate at the Division of Experimental Therapeutics of Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Washington, D.C. He was formerly a Professor of Pharmacognosy at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. He was a consultant and Scientific Adviser at Shaman Pharmaceuticals, Inc. South San Francisco and formerly the Vice-President, Research and Development at Tom's of Maine (a personal care manufacturing company). He is the founder and the chairman of the International Center for Ethnomedicine and Drug Development at Nsukka that is perhaps the only privately funded biomedical research and development institution in Africa and in a joint venture with the Nigerian Government, he established the Biodiversity Institute of Nigeria (BioDIN).
Prof. Iwu played a key role in the establishment of the International Cooperative Biodiversity Group based at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington D.C. Professor Iwu is a member of the Board of Trustees of several non-profit foundations and in 1997 he established an independent foundation, the Fund for Integrated Rural Development and Traditional Medicine, which supports poverty alleviation and health projects in Nigeria. He is the lead consultant to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for the development of a National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) for Nigeria and consultant to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa on sustainable utilization of biological resources. His current major research interest is the development of new therapeutic agents for the treatment of tropical diseases and emergent infections based on leads from traditional African medicine and the standardization of herbal medicines. His research work also includes development of strategies for the industrial utilization of tropical plants as a tool for the conservation of biodiversity.
Professor Iwu consults frequently on technology management and establishment of strategic alliances and multinational cooperative R&D projects for international agencies such as the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the United Nations University and the International Organization of Chemistry for Development (IOCD) and national agencies in Asia, Africa and South America. He served in the ICSU-TWAS Initiative on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development and participated in the World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s Steering Committee for Stakeholder Dialogue Process that dealt with some of the controversial issues of intellectual property rights (IPR) in the application of modern biotechnology.
Professor Iwu has served as the President of the International Society of Ethnobiology. He is also a member of several professional associations including the American Society of Pharmacognosy, American Society of Chemistry, Nigerian Society of Pharmacognosy, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. He has been a recipient of research grants from many international organizations, including the World Health Organization, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Ford Foundation, UNIDO and Biodiversity Support Program. He is the winner of the 1999 Richard Schultes Award for Ethnobotany. He has presented over 200 papers at scientific meetings and has given many public lectures on African traditional medicine, industrial utilization of medicinal plants, and the conservation of biodiversity. He has published more than 100 research papers and is the author of two books: “Handbook of African Medicinal Plants” and “African Ethnomedicine” , and co-edited three books: “Commercial Production of Indigenous Plants as Phytomedicines and Cosmetics”, “Ethnomedicine and Drug Discovery” and “Herbal Medicinal Products Used in HIV/ AIDS”. He is the Editor in Chief of the Elsevier Series: “Advances in Phytomedicine” and member of the Editorial Boards of many scientific journals, including Phytotherapy Research, Phytomedicine, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine and the U.S. National Cancer Institute’s PDQ Cancer and Complementary Medicine.
He obtained his professional training at the University of Bradford, Bradford, England receiving a Master of Pharmacy degree in 1976 and a Ph.D. in 1978 and a World Health Organization Distinguished Scholar Award at the Dyson Perrins Laboratory, University of Oxford (1980). He was a Fulbright Scholar in 1982-83 at the Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, New York and the Ohio State University (Columbus, Ohio). TOP
Maqsood Hussain Jafri, Ph.D.
Rabbi Herzel Kranz
Rabbi Herzel Kranz, an Orthodox Rabbi in Silver Spring, Maryland, is a member, co-founder and Counselor of CESJ. He is the Founder and Rabbi of the Silver Spring Jewish Center with 300 member, as well as the Founder and Dean of the Hebrew Day School of Montgomery County. Rabbi Kranz was instrumental in the formation of the 1986 Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice, helping to bring together Representatives Mike Barnes and Phil Crane, and Senators Russell Long, Chris Dodd, Paul Laxalt, Richard Lugar, and Steve Symms, to co-sponsor the legislation mandating the Task Force. He was appointed Counselor to the Task Force which presented its report to President Reagan, Pope John Paul II in 1987. In CESJ's 1987 delegation to the Vatican, Rabbi Kranz used "the power of the yarmulke" to persuade then-Archbishop Achille Silvestrini to arrange for the delegation a private audience with the Pope. Rabbi Kranz has strong ties to the Orthodox Jewish community in the U.S. and Israel, and is a major mover in the American branch of the Likud Party. TOP
Allenna Leonard, Ph.D.
Dr. Leonard, president-elect of the American Society for Cybernetics, worked with the late Stafford Beer (who fathered the field of managerial cybernetics) in the Complementary Set writing, consulting, facilitating, giving workshops and researching applications of systems thinking. She has concentrated on Beer’s Viable System Model and Team Syntegrity process but also employs other aspects of systems thinking and communication to her work. She is widely published on this subject, including a chapter in Beer’s 1994 book, Beyond Dispute: The Invention of Team Syntegrity. In particular, she has done several projects with the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants to improve the effectiveness of enquiry for audit and other assurance services through the introduction of systems models and methods for integrating multiple perspectives.
She was a member of the delivery team for the Old Man River Syntegration in 1994 and a participant in the 2002 Syntegration for the New Millennium Project in East St. Louis, Illinois. She is committed to the idea of using new thinking and technologies to implement social justice and to increasing public understanding of the assumptions and implications of policy decisions. As an American resident in Toronto, her main outlet for political participation (other than voting) is as a member of Democrats Abroad. TOP
Ronald L. Ludwig, J.D.
Before retiring from active practice of the law in San Francisco (1973-99), Mr. Ludwig, a member of CESJ since 1988, was nationally acknowledged as the guru of the American legal profession on employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs). He has written and lectured extensively on ESOPs and employee ownership issues since 1973. He has testified on numerous occasions before U.S. Senate Committee on Finance and U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means regarding ESOP legislation and before Internal Revenue Service regarding ESOP regulations. Currently, he serves as a member of Boards of Directors of Norcal Waste Systems, Inc. (San Francisco) and J.E. Higgins Lumber Company (Livermore, CA), and on the ESOP Advisory Committee of The Sundt Companies, Inc. (Tucson, AZ).
After receiving degrees from Duke University (A.B. in Political Science,1965) and the University of Michigan Law School (J.D., 1968, Mr. Ludwig became a Tax Law Specialist with the Internal Revenue Service, National Office Pension Trust Branch (1968-69). He has also served as an Adjunct Professor ("Pensions and Deferred Compensation") at Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C. (1971-73), and as a Lecturer in the LL.M. Tax Program ("Employee Retirement Plans") at Golden Gate University School of Law, San Francisco (1981-84). He served on the Advisory Committee for the U.S. General Accounting Office studies on ESOPs (1984-86).
He was a founding member of The ESOP Association (Washington, D.C.), where he served as Chair of the Legal Advisory Committee (1978-86), Special Counsel to the Executive Committee (1986-94), member of the Legislative & Regulatory Advisory Committee (since 1986) and member of the Steering Committee of California/Western States Chapter (1989-99). In 1992 the association awarded him its Life Service Award. Member. Since 1989 Mr. Ludwig has served also on the Board of Editors of The Journal of Employee Ownership Law and Finance, published by the National Center for Employee Ownership (Oakland, CA), which he joined as a member in 1981. In 2000-2001 he was on the Executive Committee of Board of Trustees of the Employee Ownership Foundation (Washington, D.C.) Among his other affiliations are the American Bar Association, Section of Taxation, Committee on Employee Benefits (1969-2000) and the Western Pension and Benefits Conference (1974-2000). TOP
Michael J. Naughton, Ph.D.
Dr. Naughton is an associate professor at the University of St. Thomas where he teaches in the Theology and Catholic Studies department and in College of Business and the School of Divinity. He is the director of the John A. Ryan Institute for Catholic Social Thought (www.stthomas.edu/cathstudies/cst/)dtw-3), which examines Catholic social thought in relationship to business, Catholic education and urban issues. He has organized international conferences in the US, Europe, Asia and Latin America on the theme of Catholic social thought and management. His most recent books are Managing If Faith Mattered: Christian Social Principles in the Modern Organization, Spring 2001 (co-author Helen Alford) and Rethinking the Purpose of Business: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Catholic Social Tradition, Spring 2002 (co-editor, S.A. Cortright). Dr. Naughton is also the co-editor of a new series entitled Catholic Social Tradition (with Todd Whitmore) from the University of Notre Dame. He received a Ph.D. in theology and society from Marquette University and a MBA from the University of St. Thomas. He is married with five children.
Michael Naughton is the author of The Good Stewards: Practical Applications of the Papal Vision of Work, co-editor of The Dignity of Work: Pope John Paul II Speaks to Managers and Workers and Religion and Public Life: The Legacy of Msgr. John A. Ryan. He has published several articles in a wide variety of journals such as America, California Management Review, Commonweal, Journal of Business Ethics, The Thomist, Logos, New Oxford Review, Current Issues in Catholic Higher Education, Review of Social Economy, Journal of Applied Manufacturing Systems, Journal of Human Values and Social Justice Review. TOP
William L. Nicholson
Mr. Nicholson is President of Western Building Products, Inc., the region’s largest millwork operation headquartered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The company, which adopted its ESOP in 1983 with 38 people and sales of $14.5 million, now employs 275 worker-owners with sales exceeding $100 million. Based on an on-site study of its operation, a CESJ team concluded that this company is a national exemplar of participative management and social and economic justice at the workplace. Not only is this reflected in the high level of morale at all levels in the company, but it shows up in the financial performance of the company, with share values increasing an impressive average of 12.8% per year since 1983 and its debt-to-equity ratio decreasing from 4.7 in 1976 to 0.7 in 2002. All employee share 100% of profits in 5 different ways and for 20 consecutive years ESOP contributions have matched the limit allowed by Federal law. The pay gap between the highest salary and the lowest is a very modest multiple for a company of its size, reflecting the family spirit of solidarity in the culture.
After receiving his B.S. degree from Iowa Wesleyan College (1966) and his Master of Science in Accounting/Master of Business Administration degrees from Northeastern University in Boston (1967), Mr. Nicholson received his accreditation as a Certified Public Accountant and joined the Chicago staff of Arthur Young and Company, now the Big Five firm of Ernst & Young. In 1969 he was hired as Controller at Western Building Products, a family-owned company started in 1945. He rose to General Manager in 1972 and then to President in 1974. Mr. Nicholson and his top management team have reached out to other employee-owned companies in the region to spread the Justice-Based Management philosophy of CESJ and broader understanding of Kelsonian economics. Mr. Nicholson served for several years on the CESJ board of directors. TOP
Since the beginning of U.S. airline deregulation in 1978, Steve Nieman has been working as a pilot in the airline industry, employed for most of this time by Horizon Air. He has been active in labor, employee, and corporate politics, starting an in-house union in 1988 for Horizon Air Pilots. In 1998, Mr. Nieman founded and became president of the non-profit Horizon/Alaska Customer/Employee Co-Ownership Association Inc. (HACECA), whose goal is to accomplish a majority buyout of Alaska Airlines and Horizon Air by a partnership of customers and employees.
He is also a co-founder of OU® -- Ownership Union -- a group offering help in organizing alternative unions focusing on the goal of achieving broad-based corporate ownership, as a means of raising levels of accountability and responsibility, fairness, and social and economic justice for individuals, families, communities, corporations, governments and the world. Both HACECA and OU® Union are closely affiliated with the Virtual Union, a web site (www.virtualunions.info) designed to provide the essential communications tools required to help workers and citizens carry on organizing discussions and reach consensus while protecting their anonymity. TOP
L. Dean Price
Mr. Price is founder and Chairman of Equitech International LLC, a Virginia-based systems integration firm whose mission is to meet the challenge of R. Buckminster Fuller: “How do we make the world work for 100% of humanity in the shortest possible time through spontaneous cooperation without ecological offense or the disadvantage of anyone.” The firm, made up of accomplished architects, engineers, scientists, professional managers and a network of advanced technology companies, focuses on the integration and commercialization of advanced proven technology components to meet the world’s energy, water, waste disposal, telecommunications, human dwelling and other life support and community needs.
Mr. Price held the position of University Architect and Planner at Georgetown University for 20 years after which he served as Counselor for Federal Relations to the university’s President for 11 years. Among his most noteworthy accomplishments at Georgetown was the preparation of the NEICES project, a 20-year comprehensive hydrogen age master plan to enable the campus to become energy self-sufficient by converting its medical waste, solid waste, and human waste into hydrogen-based fuels to meet the university’s electricity, water, heating and air conditioning needs. Components of the NEICES master plan that were completed under Mr. Price’s guidance included: a 2.2 million gallon cryoaquatic reservoir for reducing nighttime energy costs; the first successful 10-megawatt clean coal atmospheric fluidized bed power generator; and the world’s largest (300 KW) photovoltaic array. The latter became the linchpin of a national consortium between the NEICES team, NASA, Jet Propulsion Lab and other major players developing a stand-alone total energy system for lunar and space projects, an 8-year experimental project completed at Edwards Air Force Base in 1995. He was also lead investigator for the development of the first Advanced Fuel Cell Bus Project supported by the Federal Government, which produced three near-zero-emission 30-foot buses.
Mr. Price has worked with CESJ on several major projects: the New Birth Project for the District of Columbia, the establishment of the Institute for Economic and Social Justice at the University of the District of Columbia, and the New Millennium Project in East St. Louis, where he designed “Jubilee,” an advanced energy self-sufficient satellite new town to incorporate all of the patented technologies developed by Equitech.
Prior to coming to Georgetown, Mr. Price had his own architectural firm in California where he was architect of record for over 100 facilities from 1951-1968 and received several awards for his advanced facility design and planning criteria. He was hired in 1968 to be Scientific Advisor and Superintendent for Advanced Hospital Systems for a life sciences research and engineering division of North American Rockwell, working with 200 specialists reassigned from the Apollo Programs to develop a 150-bed hospital as a robotics showcase. He graduated with honors from the School of Architecture at the University of California at Berkeley. During World War II, as an infantry intelligence sergeant in Europe, he survived Hitler’s attempted counter-offensive in the Ardennes, one of the great battles of the war, costing 60,000 Allied lives and 250,000 German lives. He is an accomplished artist, painter, sculptor, poet and cornetist and is the founder of the “Great Spirits Society." TOP
Robert Richie is executive director of the Center for Voting and Democracy, a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing fair elections where every vote counts and all voters are represented. Richie is an expert on both international and domestic electoral systems and has directed the Center (whose president is former Member of Congress John Anderson) since its founding in 1992.
Richie is a frequent source for print, radio and television journalists and has published commentary in such publications as New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Roll Call, Nation, National Civic Review, Social Policy, Boston Review, Christian Science Monitor and Legal Times. His writings have appeared in seven books since 1999, including the feature essay on proportional representation in Whose Votes Count (Beacon Press, 2001). Richie has been a guest on many radio and TV programs, including C-SPAN, NBC News, NPR's Talk of the Nation and Fresh Air, CNN, FOX and MSNBC.
He worked with congressional staff in writing the Voters' Choice Act, a bill introduced to allow states to use non-winner-take-all voting methods that was introduced in each Congress since 1995, the States' Choice of Voting Systems Act introduced in 1999 and the Congress 2004 Commission Bill (HR 506) and Bipartisan Federal Elections Review Act (HR 57), both introduced in 2001.
Born in Washington, D.C. in 1962, Richie graduated from Haverford College with a B.A. in philosophy. Before co-founding the Center and becoming its director in 1992, he worked for three winning congressional campaigns in Washington state and for non-profit organizations in Washington and the District of Columbia. TOP
María Teresa Rosón de Pérez Lozano, Esq.
Professor Rosón has been teaching courses in Commercial Law and Bankruptcy for the last 20 years at the Catholic University of Argentina in Buenos Aires, where she received her doctorate of Public International Law and completed post-graduate studies in International Commercial Law. She has specialized on the status of employees in companies faced with bankruptcy and has authored several articles on this subject. She is a member of the academic board of the Buenos Aires Bar Association. After participating in CESJ’s 2000 conference at the University of the District of Columbia, she has been an advocate of CESJ’s moral and economic strategy for addressing Argentina’s economic crisis and the widespread corruption within its democratic institutions. She has translated into Spanish several chapters in the book, Binary Economics: The New Paradigm by Robert Ashford and Rodney Shakespeare. TOP
Robert J. Scanlon, Director
Mr. Scanlon is a nationally prominent expert in Total Quality Management (TQM) principles and Six Sigma tools used in evaluating and improving management systems, from multi-billion dollar manufacturing and service corporations to Federal government agencies. He now serves as division chief for the Office of Quality Management and Performance of the U.S. Transportation Security Administration established after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. After receiving his degree in metallurgical engineering from the University of Missouri at Rolla, Mr. Scanlon held high-level managerial positions with responsibility for quality improvement with Caterpillar Inc. (1974-1990), Southern Pacific Lines (1990-1994) and the U.S. Postal Service headquarters (1990-1992). He has been licensed as a Certified Quality Engineer (CQE), Reliability Engineer (CRE), and Quality Manager (CQM).
From 1996 through 2001, Mr. Scanlon was a member, and for two years a Senior Examiner, of the Board of Examiners for the prestigious Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the equivalent of the Nobel Prize for organizations practicing America’s highest management standards. From 1999 through 2001 he served as a member of the Panel of Judges for the President’s Quality Award. A former student of Rev. William Christensen who nominated him to the CESJ board, Mr. Scanlon spearheads CESJ’s task force on Justice-Based Management, which focuses on combining social and economic justice with Baldrige Award principles of quality leadership and corporate performance. He was also an editor and contributor to the Weibull Handbook authored by Dr. Robert Abernethy. TOP
William A. Schirra
Mr. Schirra is a volunteer, co-founder and former board member of CESJ. He is a retired Chartered Financial Consultant, C.L.U., and member of the Million Dollar Roundtable. He served as President of William A. Schirra & Associates of Pittsburgh. Mr. Schirra, who was appointed as a Counselor to the 1986 Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice, participated in CESJ's two ecumenical delegations to the Vatican. He was also instrumental in bringing together social justice philosopher Rev. William Ferree with Kelsonian economist and lawyer Norman Kurland, which led to the formation of CESJ. Mr. Schirra served for several years as CESJ's Treasurer and organized the first CESJ chapter in 1987. He received the first CESJ Founder’s Certificate of Recognition. TOP
Mr. Shakespeare studied at Downing College, Cambridge (UK) where he obtained a MA in History. Qualifying as a teacher and a barrister he has worked in education and business. He is co-author (with Robert Ashford) of Binary Economics: The New Paradigm (which is the standard text book on the subject) and works as a tutor and binary economist. He also co-authored The Two-Factor Nation. In recent years Mr. Shakespeare began to see that binary economics, while providing a basic income for all from independently owned capital estates, had to be related to a wider setting if its benefits were to be properly understood. Fortunately, Peter Challen, chair of the Christian Council for Monetary Justice and Canon Emeritus of Southwark Cathedral in London, introduced him to the Global Café where he was able to discuss issues of social and economic justice with thinkers and activists coming from a wide range of intellectual and religious backgrounds. This collaboration with Challen led to their 2002 book, Seven Steps to Justice, published in 2002 to offer solutions to major global issues from the framework of binary economics and economic justice, including CESJ’s “Abraham Federation” approach to nation-building to uproot global terrorism. Mr. Shakespeare has an extensive range of interests. Among other things, he was for many years in London local government politics and has written three musicals with a friend. TOP
Robert W. Smiley, Jr.
Robert W. Smiley Jr. is Chairman of the Board and a Managing Director of The Benefit Capital Companies Inc., a national group of merchant banking and financial advisory firms headquartered in Southeastern Nevada, with offices in Irvine, Los Angeles, New York, Dallas and Honolulu. His principal functions include the implementation of management and employee buyouts using employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) and financing techniques. Mr. Smiley has been involved as a principal, consultant or advisor to over $5 billion in successful transactions in diverse industries over the past 25 years. He is a member of the management team of Benefit Capital Partners, which provides equity financing for management, employee, and other buyouts, and brings substantial experience to these transactions.
Mr. Smiley is a founder and past president of The ESOP Association, a nonprofit trade association for ESOP companies with over 2,000 current members and a full-time Washington, D.C. staff. The Association promotes cooperation among government, industry and the professions involved with ESOPs. Mr. Smiley continues as a lifetime honorary member of the Board of Governors, and is a member of the Advisory Committee on Legislation and Regulatory Issues. He is also a director of The National Center for Employee Ownership and a founding editor of and contributing author to its flagship publication, The Journal of Employee Ownership Law and Finance. He is also a trustee of The Employee Ownership Foundation.
Mr. Smiley was invited to testify before the Committee on Finance of the United States Senate in regard to pension legislation subsequently adopted by the U.S. Congress. He has also been invited to testify before state legislatures on pension matters. In recognition of his contribution to pension policy in the United States, he received the President’s Special Achievement Award from the President’s Commission on Pension Policy. Mr. Smiley is a frequent speaker and author on topics of corporate finance involving management and employee buyouts using tax advantaged financing techniques. He is the senior editor and a co-author of Employee Stock Ownership Plans: Business Planning· Implementation · Law and Taxation, first published in 1989 with current annual yearbooks published through 1998 by Warren Gorham Lamont.
Mr. Smiley has served on the faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Extension. He served as a trustee of the Reason Foundation, a free-market think tank, for nine years. Mr. Smiley received his A.B. in Economics from Stanford University and an LL.B. from LaSalle University, Chicago. Prior to entering Stanford he served a tour of duty in the United States Navy. He is a current member of the State Bar of California and the American Bar Association. He has served as a director for a number of companies, both public and private. TOP
Rev. Dr. Virgil A. Wood
Rev. Wood is an ordained Baptist minister who became actively involved in the Civil Rights Movement. He served with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as a member of his National Executive Board of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference for the last ten years of Dr. King’s life and coordinated the state of Virginia in the historic March on Washington in 1963. Dr. Wood received his B.A. degree from Virginia Union University, his Master of Divinity from Andover Newton Theological School in Newton, Massachusetts and his Doctorate in Education from Harvard University. He served as Dean and Director of the African American Institute, and Associate Professor at Virginia Seminary and College in Lynchburg, and a visiting Lecturer, Research and Teaching Fellow at Harvard University.
As a member of the board of the Institute for the Study of Economic Systems, founded by Louis O. Kelso with Norman Kurland as its executive director, Dr. Wood arranged a meeting between Dr. King and Mr. Kelso, after which Dr. King encouraged Dr. Wood to spread Kelso’s ownership message. Dr. Wood is the author of several books, including Introduction to Black Church Economic Studies. His concept of a biblical jubilee served as the foundation for the Jubilee Bible project that resulted in the African American Jubilee Edition of the King James Version of the Holy Bible, published in 1999 by the American Bible Association. Section One opened with Dr. Wood’s article, “The Biblical Jubilee.” He also is currently the pastor of the Pond Street Baptist Church in Providence, Rhode Island. TOP
Very Rev. Cassian J. Yuhaus, J.C.P, H.E.D.
Father Yuhaus, a CESJ member and Counselor, is Pastor of St. Ann’s Basilica in Scranton, Pennsylvania. He also serves as Vice President for the Cardinal Tardini Charitable Trust in Pittsburgh and was former President of Washington, D.C.-based Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA). Two CESJ members, the late Fr. William Ferree and the late Frank Gannon, served with him on CARA's board of directors.
Through his close association with Achille Cardinal Silvestrini, former Secretary of State at the Vatican, Fr. Yuhaus was instrumental in arranging CESJ's two meetings with Pope John Paul II and major Vatican leaders in 1987 and 1991. Fr. Yuhaus also arranged for CESJ's 1991 ecumenical delegation to Rome and seminar for Church leaders. Fr. Yuhaus has been engaged world-wide with diocesan, religious and civic groups in a process of analysis and response to the major issues our day. He is the co-founder of the Institute for World Concerns at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, and Founder and Director of the International Institute for Religious, established in1967. TOP
Richard G. Biernacki
Mr. Biernacki, now retired, was President and CEO of 100% employee-owned Fastener Industries of Berea, Ohio from 1980 to 1997. The company is widely acclaimed as one of the world’s most successful and profitable models of ESOP and participatory ownership. He served as the chairman of The ESOP Association, America’s foremost trade organization for ESOP companies and professionals, and as a board member of the National Cooperative Bank and the National Center for Employee Ownership.
In 1991, he participated in the CESJ delegation to Rome which had an audience with His Holiness John Paul II, and where Mr. Biernacki and two other ESOP CEOs delivered presentations to church officials and academics on building ownership cultures within business corporations. At the CESJ Rome conference, Fastener Industries (a leading manufacturer of industrial fasteners) was awarded, along with AVIS Rent-a-Car and Allied Plywood Corporation, the 1991 CESJ Global Award for Value Based Management. Mr. Biernacki’s uniqueness as a corporate leader is reflected in his observation that “ownership without the right to vote is not true ownership.” His leadership at Fastener Industries was distinguished by his willingness to be held accountable and be subject to being replaced at any time by the company’s democratically elected board. TOP
Rev. William Ferree, S.M., Ph.D. (1905-1985)
Father Ferree is widely recognized as a scholar on social morality generally and social justice in particular, as espoused in the writings of Pope Pius XI, especially in the 1931 encyclical, On the Reconstruction of Social Order. When he died in 1985, he was eulogized as “the second founder” of his religious order, the Society of Mary. His Introduction to Social Justice, written in 1947 and republished by CESJ and Social Justice Review in 1997, was developed for teachers of social justice, offering practical and hopeful guidelines for meeting the complex challenges individuals face in trying to change basic economic and social institutions.
Born in Dayton, Ohio in 1905, Father Ferree was ordained as a Marianist priest in 1937, and received his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in philosophy at Catholic University of America, following studies at the University of Dayton and University of Fribourg in Switzerland. His book, The Act of Social Justice, derived from his 1944 dissertation, is considered by moral philosophers worldwide as a classic in its field. He taught philosophy at Dayton University but left teaching, much to his regret, to become an administrator. His appointment as Assistant World General for the Offices of Education and Apostolic Action of the Society of Mary (1956-66) took him to over 30 countries. He served as Rector of Catholic University of Puerto Rico (1953-56) and President of Chaminade College in Hawaii (1966-68).
From 1968 to his “official” retirement in 1973, during the turbulent years of student activism, he served as Provincial Superior of the Cincinnati Province of the Marianists and Chairman of the Board of the University of Dayton. He then founded and directed the Second Career Project, which allowed him to spend his leisure years lecturing and adding to his many writings, including a treatise that links modern management theory to social morality. Among his activities outside the Marianist order, Pope John XXIII appointed Father Ferree as one of the consultants of the Pontifical Commission on the Apostolate of the Laity in Preparation for Vatican II. He was also a member and Chaplain General of Pax Romana, a federation of Catholic intellectual and student groups and movements.
In 1982, through his longtime admirer Bill Schirra, Father Ferree found in the writings of Louis Kelso the answer to his lifelong search for an economic theory and methodology that would complement Catholic social teachings. As a result, driving from Dayton to Washington monthly on what he called his “monthly pilgrimage”, he became a co-founder of CESJ to promote this new approach to global economic development. In this new mission, he contributed new writings and lobbied for CESJ’s “just third way”, an expanded ownership system that challenges the so-called “democratic capitalism” advocated on the right by the prestigious Catholic Lay Commission and the stale socialistic wage and income redistribution systems advocated on the left by the main authors of the Catholic Bishops Pastoral Letter on the U.S. economy, dubiously named Economic Justice for All. Father Ferree also helped strengthen support for CESJ’s successful initiative to establish the Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice, to apply the Kelso development model (“Make every worker an owner”) as an effective counter-strategy to Marxist Leninism in Central America and the Caribbean. TOP
Mr. Harshman, a lawyer and entrepreneur, was a CESJ volunteer and member of the executive committee. He was founder and President of the Clarendon Foundation, a non-profit educational organization originally based in Arlington, Virginia. Its current projects include assisting schools and colleges in obtaining instructional television broadcast licenses, broadcasting educational programming on wireless cable systems, organizing a communications cooperative for educational institutions and nonprofit organizations, creating closed captioned databases on the Internet of Congressional floor debates and hearings for the public, producing an educational television program for the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum, and rewiring low and moderate income housing for the information highway. Mr. Harshman, who conceived the "History Channel" later sold to Arts and Entertainment (A&E) TV, was Project Manager of CESJ's "Wireless Cable TV" project which provides justice-based educational television programming and advanced telecommunications technology to schools and other consumers in remote areas.
He worked in the capacities of executive officer, legal counsel and analyst for organizations including the President's Council on Environmental Quality, the Reagan-Bush Committee National Headquarters, the Lugar for Senate Committee, the American Management Association, and management consulting firms involved with technology transfer and technical-legal aspects of new product development. Mr. Harshman was a member of the Bar of the U.S. Supreme Court. He served from 1986-92 as legal counsel for the Commission on the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution. Mr. Harshman received his law degree (J.D.) from the University of Michigan Law School and his Masters of Public Policy degree from the University of Michigan. He was a recipient of CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award. TOP
John Logue, Ph.D.
Dr. John Logue was founder and Director of the Ohio Employee Ownership Center (OEOC) at Kent State University, generally acknowledged as the premier university-based and state-supported U.S. center on employee ownership research, training and technical assistance. Dr. Logue also served the university as Professor of Political Science. At the OEOC he directed the activities of a staff of full-time employees who provide information on employee ownership, preliminary technical assistance to employees seeking to buy and owners seeking to sell their businesses to their employees, employee ownership training and organizational development to employee-owned firms, and a dozen programs of 1-3 days annually to a joint company training network of some 60 firms. The OEOC has also conducted some international work and has an active applied research program. The principal funds for operating OEOC come from the Ohio Department of Development, the U.S. Department of Labor, the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services, the Ford Foundation, the Gund Foundation, the Heron Foundation, employee-owned companies, private donations, and program income.
Dr. Logue was an author, coauthor, or editor of some 65 book chapters, journal articles, monographs, and journal special issues on various aspects of employee ownership, employee participation and involvement, industrial and labor market policy, technology policy, party politics, the trade union movement, investment funds, and the welfare state in the US, Scandinavia, and Russia. These articles have appeared in Danish, German, Italian, Russian and Swedish, as well as English.
Among his community activities, Dr. Logue served as an outside director for the ESOP participants on the boards of directors of Reuther Mold and Manufacturing (a 37% employee‑owned machine shop in Cuyahoga Falls, OH) from 1987-97, and Sharpsville Quality Products (a 55% employee-owned foundry in Sharpsville, PA) appointed by the Steelworkers from 1996-2000. He also served as a member of boards of trustees of Common Wealth (a non‑profit community organization which promotes egalitarian economic development, principally through employee ownership, in the Mahoning Valley) since 1986 and the Jim Smith Memorial Educational Fund (sponsored by the United Steelworkers of America) since 1997.
His undergraduate studies were at the University of Texas (Austin), 1966-70, where he received his B.A. summa cum laude, the University of Munich (Germany), 1967-68, and Universidad de las Americas (Mexico, DF), Summer 1966. His graduate studies were at the University of Copenhagen (Denmark), 1970-71 and 1973-74, and Princeton University, 1971-75, where he received his M.A. in political science in 1973 and his Ph.D. in political science in 1976. Among his honors and fellowships are: Phi Beta Kappa 1969; Danish Marshall Fellowship 1970-71; Woodrow Wilson Fellow; Danforth Fellowship 1970-75; Research Fellowship, Danish Social Science Research Council 1978-79; Swedish Bicentennial Fellowship, 1980; Finalist, Wright Memorial Prize; W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1985; Fulbright professorship, University of Copenhagen (Denmark) 1992; Finalist, KSU Alumni Association; Distinguished Teaching Award, 1997; Finalist, KSU Distinguished Scholar Award, 1998; and Winner, KSU Distinguished Scholar Award, 2002. TOP
Col. Vincent J. McGrath (1914-2005)
Col. McGrath was a volunteer, co-founder, Secretary, executive committee member and Director Emeritus of CESJ. He retired from the Army in 1966 as a colonel with 30 years of service including those as a staff aide to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He spent the next 15 years as a life insurance underwriter with Acacia Mutual, and the next five years running his own Estate Liquidity Services, from which he retired in 1985. He was a member of the Million Dollar Roundtable and also served as a counselor for SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives).
In 1984 he launched the Center for Economic and Social Justice, along with lawyer-economist Norman Kurland, philosopher Rev. William Ferree and seven other individuals. Devoting himself to full-time volunteer work for economic and social justice, Col. McGrath wrote the Master Plan for CESJ's organization and operations. He played a major role in planning and implementing CESJ's educational, membership and outreach programs.
In 1986 he was designated a Counselor to the White House Task Force on Project Economic Justice spearheaded by CESJ that presented a report to President Reagan and Pope John Paul II in 1987. This acclaimed report recommended employee stock ownership initiatives in Central America and the Caribbean. He helped organize CESJ's ecumenical delegation to the Vatican in November 1991. For several years Col. McGrath wrote a regular column for the Social Justice Review, entitled "Economic Justice Corner." He was a recipient of CESJ's Soldier of Justice award. TOP
Rev. John Miller, C.S.C. S.T.D., (1925-2006)
Fr. Miller, a Holy Cross Father, was a long-time volunteer and board member of CESJ. He was the Editor of the Social Justice Review, which contains a regular column contributed by CESJ, entitled "Economic Justice Corner." He was educated for the priesthood at the Angelicum in Rome, and was ordained in 1951. Pope Paul VI appointed him to the liturgical commission formed after Vatican II.
Fr. Miller taught theology for seven years at the University of Notre Dame, was associate professor of theology at Loyola University in New Orleans where he taught for seven years, and lectured in theology in Germany and at the Catholic University of America. From 1962 to 1967 he was associate editor for liturgy of The New Catholic Encyclopedia. He translated into English from French several books by Father Michel Schooyans and Cardinal Paul Poupard. Fr. Miller was elected to the Academy of Catholic Sciences, USA.
He served the Archdiocese of New Orleans as Religious Education Director and served his Order as Provincial Superior. The author of five books, Fr. Miller was the editor and publisher of Curing World Poverty: The New Role of Property. He was a recipient of CESJ's Soldier of Justice Award.
Rev. Andrew F. Morlion, O.P. (1904-1987)
Born in Belgium in 1904 and an avowed atheist until the age of 21, Father Morlion reconverted to Catholicism and became a Dominican priest. When he died in New York City in 1987, his obituary described him as a “diplomatic trouble-shooter among leaders of the world for 50 years.”
After studying philosophy, theology and engineering at the University of Louvain and spending several years at the Dominican Institute of Ghent, he joined the Dominican Order. In 1932 he founded the International Pro Deo Union (also known as the “United People’s Movement”) as an independent association to promote world ecumenism among young political, educational, cultural and religious leaders from every faith and nation. Until his death, this group published a monthly newsletter, United People that circulated in 152 countries.
In 1945, with the support of Pope Pius XII, he founded and headed the International University of Social Studies in Rome and served five popes as their private emissary. Several of Italy’s prime ministers and other leaders graduated from the university. On hearing of his death, author and Saturday Review editor Norman Cousins said, “Father Morlion was a peace broker who helped to widen the opportunities for dialogue between western democracies and east European countries, and to reduce tension between East and West. He was a study in perpetual motion, bringing ideas and projects before political and religious leaders in every land.”
In his book The Improbable Triumvirate Mr. Cousins revealed that Father Morlion’s diplomacy helped bring about the 1962 settlement of the Cuban Missile Crisis. He was instrumental in the release of Joseph Cardinal Slipyi of the Ukraine and Joseph Cardinal Behan of Czechoslovakia, and helped pave the way for the Kennedy-Khrushchev Test Ban Treaty. Behind the scenes he worked to overcome problems between France and Germany and China and the United States. During World War II he was active in the European underground, helping Jews escape from Hitler’s Germany. After the Gestapo put a price of a million dollars on his head, he escaped Europe through Spain to New York, where he published a monthly letter of underground news.
When he met Norman Kurland in 1984 at the Dominican House of Studies in Washington, Father Morlion immediately recognized the significance for world peace of the ideas of Louis Kelso and Father William Ferree (whom he described as “the most profound American social philosopher”), became a founding member of CESJ and worked tirelessly until his death spreading CESJ’s message among his influential friends. TOP
State Representative Wyvetter H. Younge
Rep. Younge was a life resident of East St. Louis, Illinois and served from 1971 as the elected State Representative for the 114th Legislative District to the Illinois General Assembly. She chaired the House Education Appropriations Committee, which deals with budgetary matters of public universities and public school systems throughout Illinois. In 1995 she was named Assistant House Democratic Leader. She received her undergraduate degree in 1951 from Hampton University in Virginia, her Doctorate of Jurisprudence degree in 1953 from St. Louis University School of Law, and her Master of Laws degree in 1972 from Washington University School of Law in St. Louis. From 1955-57 she served as Assistant Circuit Attorney for the City of St. Louis. For her work in the Illinois Legislature she was awarded “Best Legislator” by the United Auto Workers (UAW)
Rep. Younge gained a solid national reputation as a civil rights activist and for her lifelong commitment to social and economic justice for the poor. In collaboration with the world renowned dancer Katherine Dunham, she was instrumental in the early 1970s in attracting practical visionaries like the late Buckminster Fuller and Louis Kelso to apply their genius in designing advanced architectural, technological, financial and institutional innovations for building in East St. Louis a revolutionary 21st century global model they called “Old Man River City.” Never abandoning this dream, in 2002 she and CESJ attracted successful followers of Fuller, Kelso and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to meet for four days with community leaders and developers in a “New Millennium Syntegration” to plan concrete steps for implementing that advanced city, starting with a satellite new town its designers call “Jubilee,” to update the biblical concept of a community based on the sharing of ownership and profits among all citizens. TOP